Questions to Get Clear Before the Colorectal Surgery

There’s none on the planet who would love talking about their medical issues, especially when it’s related to colon or rectum. However, it becomes fundamental to know what’s happening inside your body beforehand. Although every time it wouldn’t cause major diseases, cancer becomes a massive problem. In case you’ve already been diagnosed with the colorectal cancer, things are evident for you to visit a professional colorectal surgeon:

While cancer isn’t the sole disease that skilled specialists treat, patients also get treatment for other diseases of colon, small intestine, anus, rectum, or even perianal areas. The areas of specialty that professional colorectal surgeons also treat include tissues and even organs. However, if you need a colorectal surgery, these are the questions to ask before choosing an experienced Colorectal Surgeon:

Can he or she describe the surgery to you?

A colorectal surgery is a process by which chemotherapy and radiations are given to patients before & after the surgery. A professional colorectal surgeon would make you understand the process and give you an insight of it in a convenient manner so that you don’t get frightened of the fact of dealing with such a physical condition. He or she would give you an idea of how the tumor is being formed in the area of your rectum or anus. ]

What should you perform before the day of the surgery?

 This should be another question of concern. You should always follow doctor’s preparation instructions of the colorectal surgery. During bowel preparations, you should never eat some solid foods, as far as what the professionals indicate. However, you should also drink clear liquids in plenty. Just try consuming eight ounces each hour. You should also ask whether or not you need prescribed antibiotics, if needed consume them as per the instructions. You should also ask for ointment of zinc oxide to the skin around anus right after each bowel movement. This will help in preventing irritation.

What should you do on the day when the surgery will be done?

A professional would suggest you to avoid eating and drinking anything right after the midnight on your surgery day. You should get proper instructions from your doctor to take the prescribed medicines right in the morning on the day of the surgery. He or she would also recommend you to avoid applying cream, lotion, makeup, perfume, or other such forms of things right on that particular day.

Wrapping things up

Now that you know what you should ask to a reliable colorectal surgeon, choose the professional wisely. Make sure that you arrive two or one hour before the surgery, and be patient enough to deal with the time. In a world where more and more medical innovations are occurring at a fast pace, recovering from such a condition would not take too long for you! Thus, this compiles everything related to the questions you should ask to the professional surgeon before preparing yourself for the colorectal surgery.

Everything You Need to Know about Endoscopy in Singapore

Did your doctor recommend you having an endoscopy before recommending a treatment strategy for your condition? Or are you just curious about the procedure and what to learn more about it? If yes, you are going to benefit from this article, as it unveils what you need to know about Endoscopy.

Most doctors in Singapore usually recommend that their patients have an endoscopy to accurately ascertain the cause of their condition and the best way to address it. Colorectal and Endoscopy Specialists like Dr Mark Wong Surgery take extra care to ensure diagnosis is accurate and the most effective solutions are prescribed for each patient.

If you don’t know much about the procedure, chances are, you will be skeptical about having it. The reason for this may be because you aren’t really sure about the risk and complications associated with it.

That said, one thing you should keep in mind is that the more you learn about it, the safer you will be. Of course, a few complications may occur during the procedure, but they usually aren’t serious or life-threatening.

The following article by Brian Kransand JacquelyCafasso unveils basically everything you need to know about endoscopy.


An endoscopy is a procedure in which your doctor uses specialized instruments to view and operate on the internal organs and vessels of your body. It allows surgeons to see problems within your body without making large incisions.Read more here.

You likely now understand what endoscopy is all about and why most doctors in Singapore recommend that their patients have it, especially when their condition is complicated or unique. Regardless of how much you know about the procedure, you may have questions. Read the next article to find answers to some important questions about Endoscopy.

This article by betterhealth sheds light on answers to some frequently asked questions about endoscopy. 


Endoscopy is a medical procedure that allows a doctor to observe the inside of the body without performing major surgery. An endoscope (fibrescope) is a long flexible tube with a lens at one end and a video camera at the other. Read more here.

You surely now know the answer to some faq about endoscopy like- how the procedure is carried out, possible complications that may occur during the procedure, some possible alternatives to it, and how to take care of yourself after the procedure. But do you know that endoscopy is perfect for treating digestive diseases? Read the next article to find out more.

The following article by webmd discusses how endoscopy is used to diagnose and address digestive diseases.

Digestive Diseases and Endoscopy

Endoscopy is a nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person’s digestive tract. Using an endoscope, a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, your doctor can view pictures of your digestive tract on a color TV monitor. Read more here.

If you have read the above article, you will definitely attest to the fact that an endoscope is the best instrument for examining the digestive tract, as it offers clear images of the area in question on a monitor. The versatility of the equipment makes it perfect for inspecting other key areas like the intestine, pancreas, and gallbladder.

Final note

Endoscopy is undoubtedly one of the best procedures for addressing issues related to stomach pain, ulcers, digestive tract bleeding, and so on.

Unlike other diagnosis and treatment procedures, endoscopy is usually painless (although you may experience a small level of discomfort after it)

Another striking thing about it is that it is low risk. This means that the possibility of an issue occurring during or after the procedure is very slim. So you have absolutely nothing to worry about.

Colorectal Surgery: What to Expect After it?

Our body is a complex system that generates energy that enables us to carry out our daily activities. The defensive mechanisms in our body help to do everything from fight diseases to removing harmful materials that can affect our health. And that is why a surgical procedure is needed to address certain issues.

Colorectal surgery, which is usually recommended for people with issues related to the colon, anus, and rectum, is taking center stage in Singapore, as it is minimally invasive and offers long-lasting results. Read more about what is offered at:

Of course, it has its fair share of risks, but the majority of the people who have undergone it have attested to the fact that it is the best treatment for issues like anal cancer, bowel obstruction, microscopic colitis, diverticulitis, and so on.

Whether your doctor recommends that you undergo a colorectal surgery to address your issue, or you just want to learn more about it, you are going to benefit from this article, as it entails some intricate things about the procedure and what to expect after it. Before we dive right into that, we are first going to take a close look at what happens during colorectal surgery.

The following article by Wiki unveils some important things you probably didn’t know about colorectal surgery.

Colorectal surgery

Colorectal surgery is a field in medicine dealing with disorders of the rectum, anus, and colon. The field is also known as proctology, but this term is now used infrequently within medicine and is most often employed to identify practices relating to the anus and rectum in particular. Read more here.

Now that you have a clear picture of what happens during the procedure and some issues that may occur, you may also be interested in learning about the various types that are performed in any of the many certified hospitals in Singapore. Read the next article to find out more.

The following article by Medstargeorgetown sheds light on the various types of colon and rectal surgery.

Types of Colon and Rectal Surgery


A colectomy, or colon resection, removes all or part of the large intestine. Segmental Colectomies: Generally, a vertical incision is made in the middle of the abdomen, overlying the portion of the bowel with the disease. Read more here.

You surely now have a clear picture of the various types of rectal and colon surgery like Resection, internal Sphincterotomy, Colostomy, Hemorrhoidectomy, Inflammatory Bowel diseases, and so on. Regardless of the one you will undergo, you are definitely going to be curious about the risk and complications associated with it. Well, if that is the case, then you should read the next article carefully.

The following article by docdoc sheds light on the benefits, risks, and complications associated with colorectal surgery.

What is Colorectal Surgery: Overview, Benefits, and Expected Results?

Colorectal surgery is a term that refers to various surgical procedures performed on the colon, anus, and rectum. Medical professionals performing such procedures are known as proctologists or colorectal surgeonsRead more here.

You are definitely now abreast with the common colorectal surgeries that are available. Regardless of the one that you are signing up for, it is critical that you choose a reputable hospital that possesses the necessary skills needed to carry out the surgery. Also, ensure that the surgeon that will perform the operation is experienced.

Final note

Colorectal surgery is no longer a big deal in the medical space, as high tech tools, equipment, and even robots have been designed to make the procedure seamless and minimally invasive.

That said, it is critical for anyone signing up for it, to keep in mind that complications like – a breakdown of the abdominal wall, damage to the ovaries, uterus, and other parts of the reproductive system may likely occur.

Bear in mind that aged or advanced people are prone to these complications. And most of the time, these complications prevent them from enjoying the full benefit of the procedure.

Therapies for Pain Relief from Plantar Fasciitis

One of the symptoms of plantar fasciitis is a pain in your heel when you wake up in the morning. If not treated, the pain will become more intense over time. Once a doctor has confirmed you have plantar fasciitis, he will recommend several therapies. You may need more than one to help you heal faster. Some of the recommendations include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation and the pain, steroid injections if the pain is severe and physical therapy.

In the following article on, the writer discusses some simple therapies that will help you cope with the pain from plantar fasciitis.

The Value of Physical Therapy in Healing Plantar Fasciitis

Getting out of bed in the morning marks the beginning of a new day, but it can be an excruciating start for people with plantar fasciitis, one of the most common causes of heel pain in adults. Plantar fasciitis affects more than two million people each year in the United States, and the majority of them are women.

The main symptom is intense pain that feels like a deep bruise on the bottom of the foot, just in front of the heel. It’s usually at its worst first thing in the morning and when you get up after sitting for a long time. The pain may go away as you walk around, but it’s likely to return at the end of the day if you spend a considerable part of it on your feet. Read more here

Doctors tend to avoid using surgery to fix plantar fasciitis unless it is necessary. Most first recommend physical therapy and observe how your heel responds. Exercises that strengthen and stretch your plantar fascia, lower leg muscles, and Achilles tendon are critical in pain reduction. Your physical therapist will massage your foot, give you contrast baths, and use ultrasonography for long-term benefits. Visit Providence’s Plantar Fasciitis Treatment content for more information.

In the next article, the writer discusses some of the things you should do if you still experience pain after weeks of therapy.

Solutions for Advanced Plantar Fasciitis

Heel pain is most often caused by plantar fasciitis, a condition that is sometimes also called heel spur syndrome when a spur is present. Heel pain may also be due to other causes, such as a stress fracture, tendonitis, arthritis, nerve irritation or, rarely, a cyst.

Because there are several potential causes, it is important to have heel pain properly diagnosed. A foot and ankle surgeon is able to distinguish between all the possibilities and to determine the underlying source of your heel pain. Read more here

Unfortunately, even after weeks of intense therapy, you may still experience pain in your heels. If the treatment your doctor recommended is not working, it may be best to try other solutions. Some of the remedies that are used if the pain persists include injection therapy, the use of a removable walking cast, and a night splint. When a splint is used as you rest, the plantar fascia is stretched, and this reduces the pain when you take your first steps in the morning.

In this article by, the writer gives a vivid background on plantar fasciitis, its cause, treatments, and factors that put you at risk.  

Internal Factors that May Cause Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis (fash-ee-ahy-tis) is the most common cause of foot pain1. It’s usually described as sharp pain in the heel, especially when you take your first steps in the morning.

It occurs when there is a structural breakdown of your plantar fascia2, which is a thick fibrous band of tissue (fascia) on the bottom (plantar side) of our feet that connects your heel bone to your toes. This often leads to small tears in the tissue causing recurring cycles of inflammation and pain3.

When your plantar fascia become damaged and inflamed, the resulting pain can severely limit your ability to stay active on your feet. Read more here

Plantar fasciitis can be caused by both external and internal factors. The activities you are involved in, and the shoes you wear may lead to plantar fasciitis. However, several internal factors may be beyond your control. For example, your plantar fascia may have some abnormalities, such as small tears in the tissues, altered tissue composition, and an increase in the nerve endings.

The fat pad on your heels may also degenerate due to your age. Your doctor or consultant will need to determine if the pain in your heels is as a result of internal or external factors.

How to Determine if You Have Plantar Fasciitis

Do you sometimes experience stabbing pain when you take your first steps in the morning? This is one of the early signs of Plantar Fasciitis. This condition involves the inflammation of the tissue that connects the heel bone of your foot to your toes. The pain is severest when you take your first steps in the morning, when you stand for too long, or when you stand after sitting for some time. Ignoring the pain may have adverse effects, including the inability to get continue your usual activities.

In the following article on, Catherine Burt Driver, MD discusses Plantar Fasciitis in detail, including the home remedies.

Home Remedies for Plantar Fasciitis

The fibrous tissue that surrounds muscle and separates various tissues of the body is referred to as the fascia. The bottom, or plantar, surface of the foot has a strip of this tough tissue, referred to as the plantar fascia, stretching from the heel to the front of the bottom of the foot. This bowstring-like plantar fascia stretches underneath the sole of the foot and attaches at the heel. This fascia can become inflamed by disease or injury. Inflammation of the plantar fascia is referred to as plantar fasciitis. Read more here

When you start experiencing pain at the soles of your feet, there are several things you can do before you seek medical advice. Some of the home remedies include stretching the foot, keeping the weight off the affected foot by resting it until the pain decreases, and rolling a tennis ball along the bottom of your foot. If the pain is unbearable, you can get over-the-counter pain medication.

In the next article by Anish R. Kadakia, he discusses the symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis and some of the examinations doctors carry out to confirm the condition.

Examinations Done to Confirm Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis (fashee-EYE-tiss) is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. Approximately 2 million patients are treated for this condition every year.

Plantar fasciitis occurs when the strong band of tissue that supports the arch of your foot becomes irritated and inflamed.

The plantar fascia is a long, thin ligament that lies directly beneath the skin on the bottom of your foot. It connects the heel to the front of your foot, and supports the arch of your foot. Read more here

When you visit your doctor complaining of pain near your heel, the doctor will carry out a series of tests to confirm if you have Plantar Fasciitis. Some of the signs the doctor will be looking out for include a high arc, tenderness in the front of your heel bone, pain when you flex your foot, and limited motion when you move your ankle upwards.

In this article by Christine Case-Lo, the causes and treatments of Plantar Fasciitis are discussed in detail.

Causes of Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis causes pain in the bottom of the heel. The plantar fascia is a thick, weblike ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. It supports the arch of your foot and helps you walk.

Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common orthopedic complaints. Your plantar fascia ligaments experience a lot of wear and tear in your daily life. Normally, these ligaments act as shock absorbers, supporting the arch of the foot. Too much pressure on your feet can damage or tear the ligaments; the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, and the inflammation causes heel pain and stiffness. Read more here

People who are overweight are at a higher risk of developing Plantar Fasciitis. This is because the plantar fascia ligaments are exposed to increased pressure. Pregnant women, especially those in the third trimester, tend to have bouts of plantar fasciitis.

Others who are at risk include long-distance runners, those whose occupations involve being on their feet often, and older people with active lifestyles. This condition affects women more than men. It is important to monitor the symptoms so that you can seek medical attention early.

How Does Plantar Fasciitis Occur?

For a long time, plantar fasciitis was associated with athletes, especially long-distance runners, because of the pressure exerted on their heels. Unfortunately, this is no longer the case and the injury is becoming more common. More people are being diagnosed with plantar fasciitis. This is because the tissues and muscles in the foot constantly degenerate over time and as we age. For example, if you exercise intensely, your foot may bear the biggest brunt in your attempt to stay healthy. Unfortunately, people with a sedentary lifestyle are also at risk, especially when they become obese. The weight of the body has increased over the same surface area of the foot which also increases the chance of injury.

In the following article, Stephanie Mansour looks at the first signs of plantar fasciitis and some of the exercises that help to relieve the pain.

Tips on How to Identify Plantar Fasciitis

Those who have suffered from plantar fasciitis — the inflammation of the ligament that runs along the bottom of your foot — know that the stabbing pain can be debilitating, often keeping you sidelined from your favorite activities.

“Plantar fasciitis seems to have recently reached epidemic proportions,” says Dr. Doug Tumen a board-certified podiatrist and author of “Ask the Foot Doctor”. “Because the average person takes at least 5000-7000 steps per day, and because we live in a world of concrete and hard surfaces, our feet are continually taking a significant impact and load on a daily basis.” Read more here

The first sign that may warn you of possible plantar fasciitis is a sharp pain at the bottom of your foot. If you have been on your feet for too long, resting it for some time will help reduce the pain. If the pain is due to sitting for an extended period, walking around with stretch your muscles and ease the pain. If you are not able to walk a little to manage the pain, you can massage the heel of your foot with a frozen water bottle to provide some cooling relief.

In the next article on, the writer gives tips on managing plantar fasciitis.

Managing Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a very common condition that can affect people of all different activity levels, but it’s more frequently experienced by those who are physically active.

A lot of running, dancing or other high-impact activities can initiate the condition, says Christina S. Long, DPM, podiatrist at Wake Forest Baptist Health. “Repetitive pulling of the plantar fascia, the 3 bands of tissue that run from the bottom of the heel to the ball of the foot, can cause inflammation and micro tears, which most commonly lead to pain at the bottom of the heel and sometimes through the bottom arch of the foot,” she explains. Read more here

When you are diagnosed with plantar fasciitis, you need to learn how to manage it. Sometimes, physical therapy will help alleviate the pain. However, it is essential for you to seek the root cause of the condition to help you manage it better. For example, if an intense physical activity or wearing the wrong shoes is the cause, you need treatment. However, you also need to avoid activities that put extreme pressure on your feet.

In the following article, Markham Heid discusses some of the best ways to treat plantar fasciitis.

The Best Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis

Often described as a throbbing pain that strikes the meat of the heel and radiates outward, plantar fasciitis is one of the most common foot conditions in the U.S. Roughly 2 million Americans suffer from it, and it can last anywhere from a few weeks to several months at a stretch. In some cases, it can even be a chronic ailment.

The plantar fascia is a fan-shaped band of connective tissue that runs along the underside of the foot, spanning the arch and attaching at the heel and between the bones of the toes. Plantar fasciitis results when that connective tissue is somehow injured or inflamed… Read more here

When in pain, you should probably ask the doctor for the best treatment because all you want is for the pain to be eased. However, what may be the best treatment for you may not work for someone else. Doctors look at how severe the damage is when recommending treatment. For some people, surgery may be the appropriate treatment because of the extent of damage to the tissues.

It is best to pay a visit to a bone specialist or orthopaedic doctor for an accurate diagnosis of your foot or plantar fasciitis problem and go for the right healing plan.

Professional Value of Project Management Certification

What is Project Management Certification?

The project management certification is a professional certification that is awarded to the professionals who deal with project management. This is one certification, along with some security certifications, that has achieved a global recognition. There are several professional certifications, such as — Professional Certificate in Human Resources (PCHR), Professional Certification in Accounting (PCA), Professional Certificate in Customer Relationship Management (PCCRM), Professional Certificate in Technical Communication (PCTC), and Professional Certificate in Marketing (PCM). However, the certification with the highest demand is the project management certification, also known as PMP (Project Management Professional) certification. This is one certification that helps a professional to prove his/her credibility in office.

The project management certification is organized by the Project Management Institute. It is held on the material decided by the PMI Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). The parameters that need to be fulfilled to appear for the examination are: having cleared the graduation examination with a bachelor’s degree, having thirty five hours of formal project management training and most importantly, having a minimum of four thousand five hundred hours of project management experience. From the above mentioned criteria, it is evident that one needs to be quite experienced in order to attain this certificate and also dedicate enough time to prepare for the examination, which has around two hundred questions.

Need for such certification

At times apart from hard work and sincerity, there is a need to prove one’s mettle through formal certifications. The project management certification adds value to one’s professional worth and credibility. It has several advantages that add value to a professional’s growth. It definitely boosts one’s confidence as now the person knows that he/she can handle complex project related responsibilities. Secondly, it is also a means of proving to one’s peers and supervisor that he or she is capable of taking project management roles and handle them successfully with a completion that will please the client. As it is held by an external organization, its credibility is very high. This makes one appear to be able to take up more responsibilities, which will only help one to grow professionally. Last but not the least, as it is an unbiased judgment of one’s capabilities, it opens the doors to new and better opportunities.

Thus, from these above mentioned advantages, it is evident that the project management certification is very important for any professional who wants to ride up the ladder and achieve the best in life.

Improve Your Resume

Working at a dead-end job can get on your nerves, which is an understatement. Seeking employment elsewhere does work wonders, but you may end up doing the same work, with better prerequisites, at a different address. Instead of going down the same route, it is better to up the ante and improve your skills. By learning something new, this takes you to the next level in your professional curve. The Photoshop course in Singapore is an ideal option if you have a creative bent.

Filling up the skill set on your resume will not pan out if you do not have the requisite knowledge.

While applying for a job that calls for creative enterprise, you have to be capable of delivering. Fibbing on paper does not work out in the end and may be a cause to be blacklisted.

To become an expert in a particular domain and to build a robust resume that does not fall short of a requirement requires that you up your game.

A resume is not just a summary of your achievements but can actually take you to the next level in the professional realm of things.

By boosting your skill set in Photoshop, for instance, you can propel your career towards something different and interesting.

Knowledge of computer languages is always appreciated by the present day employer. Web development or graphics is not necessarily a mandatory feature for the IT fraternity. Anyone can change careers and brush up their skills or improve their resume considerably.

To make yourself relevant in the professional space, free tutorials are available on YouTube. Systematic instructions are available, making the journey simple. However, at the regular course, you learn the basics and proceed to the advanced levels too.

The choice really is in your hands whether you want to join a Photoshop course in Singapore or learn a new language. The objective is to get the recruiter, or firm that you have applied to, sit up and take notice of your profile. A resume is the first introduction to who you really are and the information detailing your experiences and present portfolio will stand you in great stead during the job hunt. A good recruiter will source talent from a seasoned professional who has the chops to deliver. Learning something new that is current and shows professional promise is the best way to up the ante for your portfolio. The bottom line: one has to evolve, period.

What Can You Expect To Learn From Photoshop Classes?

Photoshop is one of the most exponentially valued and creative Internet tools with greatly far reaching possibilities than what it’s currently offering. It doesn’t come as a surprise that many people are keen on taking up Photoshop class. Singapore, Japan or any country for that matter, people with interest in photography also have a keen eye for acquiring Photoshop skills and don’t hesitate to invest money in pursuing a course. If you’re one of those people looking forward to attend a course, here’s what you can expect to learn from Photoshop classes.

The basic tools

If you’re completely new to Photoshop, the first skill that you can look forward to learn is how to use the basic tools in the software. By the time your class ends, you’re sure to know how to crop, brighten, merge, correct colours, trim, resize and refine edges on Photoshop. These skills are the fundamentals that you need to know when editing images using any digital Photoshop software. So, it’s important to know how you can complete this kind of tasks flawlessly.

Photoshop’s fancy effects

What we saw above are only the basics that one can do with Photoshop, but there are many more fancy effects that one can try out. In fact, these fancy features are very popular and the hot favourite of many photo editors as there’s a lot that one can do with it. For instance, there’s an adequate amount of options in the Filters section alone to edit images. Some of the basic functions in this category are sketch, brush strokes, pixelate, blur, sharpen, and stylize. If you’re learning Photoshop by investing in a course, it’s important that you learn these and get the most out of your training.

An idea about the advanced tools

If you’ve enrolled in a beginner’s course, learning the above discussed aspects would suffice, but you should also get an idea about the advanced tools in the software and what more can be accomplished with Photoshop. If you’ve taken up an advanced course, you’ll have to master the advanced tools as well. Getting hands-on experience with using the advanced tools and learning what more you can do using the program can go a long way in helping in your career. This would certainly be helpful if you want to be a professional designer.

Now that you know what to expect to learn from your Photoshop class, Singapore has many good training centres that offer professional courses – go ahead and register!